Nowadays the Natural History Museum is divided into two exhibition areas.

One includes the new Aquaria and the Temporary exhibitions.

The second include the Permanent exhibition: the Historical Gallery, the Museum Garden, The Amphibians and Reptiles gallery, the Mammalians Gallery, the “Origin of Cetaceans” room, the “Once upon a time… the man” room, the Mineral Gallery, the “Earth between myth and science” room, the “Evolution of the Monte Pisano” gallery, the “Patagonia’s dinosaurs room”, the room “Prehistory of Monte Pisano”.

Aquaria and Temporary exhibitions


With its about 500 square meters of exhibition and its 60.000 liters of water, the one of the Natural History Museum of the University of Pisa is the greatest freshwater Aquaria in Italy.

Dinosaurs, predators and preys – Temporary exhibition

"Felines" is a temporary exhibition built of over 30 stuffed animals of the Naturaliter Company and several skeleton remains belonging to the historical collection of the Museum.

Permanent exhibition

Historical Gallery

The historical gallery recreates, using remains, documents and paintings, the atmposphere of the Museum during the almost five centuries from its establishment, in a route backward through time.

Reptiles and Amphibians Gallery

With the Reptiles and Amphibians Gallery it starts the route through the thematic collections which also includes the Mammalian Gallery and the Mineral one. The finds, exposed in a systematic order, are part of the great naturalistic heritage of this Museum.

The staircase of the origin of the Cetaceans

This exhibition area introduces to the Cetacean Gallery by explaining the origins of the evolution of this water Mammal group. This area has been recently reorganized according to universal design criteria, with informative panels, tactile maps, audio sources, tridimensional models, Braille writings and embossed signs to make the access easier for every type of visitors (children, adults, elders, differently abled people).

Cetaceans gallery

As we go upstairs we arrive into the Carthusian Gallery which hosts the spectacular collection of present cetaceans skeletons. This collection, one of the most important in Europe, was set by Sebastiano Richiardi during his direction (1871-1891), even though written documents testify that in 1626 some cetaceans finds were already in the Museum. In all, the Museum possesses 53 skeletons, 23 of which are here exposed.

The room “Once upon a time… man”

In this little room are summarized  the studies on the origins of the man and its evolution, through the representation of three significant moments of his biological and cultural history.

Mineral gallery

The mineral collection started to take form in 1844, when Leopoldo Pilla brought from Naples the Vesuvian collection. The mineral collection remarkably enlarged among the end of the 19th century and the beginning of 1900 with the contribution of Antonio D’Achiardi and its son Giovanni. The mineral gallery was opened to the public in 1994, redisigned in 2002, after the aquiring of the Cerpelli and D’Amore collection, and set up again in 2014 including new collection.

“The Earth between myth and science” room

This exhibition area is devoted to the topic of the origin of the Earth and life, exposing both the mythological and the scientific approach.

The dinosaurs rooms and courtyard

These exhibition spaces are devoted to the great dinosaurian epic. Thanks to the activity that the Pangea* museum net had carried out in Patagonia, it was made possible to represent some significant sides of these animal’s life, such as the relation between the predator and its prey,  the breeding dynamics and the mystery of their extinction. To complete the scenary there’s the reconstruction of the prehistoric layer found in the Titan Valley, Patagonia, by researchers of this Museum.

“Prehistory of Monte Pisano” room

The room, furnished in 2007 in memory of Ezio Tongiorgi and Antonio Mario Radmilli, provides a survey of the prehistory of our territory through the exhibition of archeological remains coming from sites of the Northern Tuscany.

The evolution of Monte Pisano

This rooms go over the geological and biological evolution of our territory, through a 500 millions years travel divided into three steps, on the basis of the fossils found in the Pisa area. These steps are represented by three full-size dioramas, recreating three past habitats. Every diorama is introduced by an entrance hall provided with informative panels and stone and fossil samples; other remains are kept into the showcases along the route and every diorama also includes a multimedia corner for additional information.