The Museums host mineralogical, paleontological and zoological collection, in addition to the collection of marine invertebrates glass reproductions realized by Leopold Blaschka
Mineralogical collection includes specimens from the XIX century, among which stand out the meteorites, as well as more recent collection due to purchasing and/or donations,
Paleontological collection includes fossils both of invertebrates and of vertebrates, as well as a collection of fossil fillites coming from various Italian locations.
Zoological collections include malacological, primatological, osteological, herpetological, entomological, ornithological and compared anatomy collections.

Blaschka collection

The Museum preserves one of the few Italian collection of marine invertebrates glass reproductions realized by Leopold Blaschka.

Mineralogical collection

The mineralogical asset of the Museum started in 1844 with the collection of Vesuvian minerals donated by Leonardo Pilla, and kept increasing due to new acquisitions and gifts, to that nowadays it includes almost 20.000 remains.

Ornithological collection

With its about 10.000 finds, this is one of the main Italian public collections.

Ichthyological collection

The ichthyological collection of the Museum includes dozens of naturalized specimens and about 2.200 alcool-preserved batches form seas and freshwaters all over the world.

Herpetological collection

Despite its reduced size (about 2.000 findings), the collection is representative of the whole tassonomic group, including taxa from all continents.

Mammal collection

The collection includes about 3.000 specimens (naturalized, liquid-preserved or osteological) and it is representative of every order of living mammals. Cetacean and primatological collection are particulary remarkable.

Compared anatomy collection

All the 1.600 specimens of these collection belong to Vertebrates.

Paleontological collection

Paleontological collection includes about 200.000 remains collected in over 400 years and mostly from Italian area.

Enthomological collection

The corpus of the historical collection is represented by the material collected from Paolo Savi in the first half of XIX century: the importance of these collection rely especially on the fact that they contain specimens from now lost collection.

Malacological collection

The presence of a part of the pre-Linnaean collection of Gualtieri is extremely important: the collection also includes materials from the Rumph's one (bought by the Medici's and then donated to Gualtieri himself).